Luxury Design, Past & Present
Hand-applied pochoir in watercolor after Pablo Picasso | Limited edition of 150 ex.
Handmade in 1946 in New York, USA.
Made after a painting from 1920, signed & dated 'au pochoir' bottom left.
This pochoir is mounted in a handmade French passe-partout with white-gold slemper. Framed & protected by museum glass.
Image size: 40 x 30 cm | Passe-partout size: 49,5 x 39,5 cm | Framed size: 56 x 46 cm | Size in inches is the framed size.
This particular artwork is shown on page 75 of 'The World of Pochoirs'.
All acknowledged Picasso pochoirs made, are fully described and shown in full color in this catalogue.
Artwork comes accompanied by 'The World of Pochoirs', signed by Pochoir specialist Paul Zwartkruis.
Many outstanding 20th century artists such as Van Dongen, Matisse and Picasso chose to use the pochoir technique for the reproduction of their favourite works of art. This was said to be the closest thing to an original work of art since it is made by hand using watercolor or pastel. Pablo Picasso (1881-1973) chose to use the pochoir technique both at the beginning and the end of his career when he was determined to show his early works to posterity in the best possible way.
The method of making pochoirs is a graphic technique to reproduce a work of art. Both method and result differ considerably from etching, wood-carving or stone press. With the pochoir technique, the staff, or coloristes in the atelier, use different paints such as water paint, gouache or pastel, as well as gold or silver foil and apply these on a piece of paper by hand. This coloring is done using cut-outs, also called templates, or stencil-plates.
Between forty and a hundred cut-outs were needed to produce a single pochoir. It was a very expensive and labour intensive method, indeed too expensive for modern times. Fortunately, beautiful pochoirs have survived in the collections of museums and collectors. Each pochoir is a unique piece of art. Each edition however consists of several copies. The differences are often hard to find due to the fine craftsmanship of the colorists. Compared to other reproduction techniques, the realism of the colors is the most striking mark of the pochoir.
The period in which pochoirs were made was from early 1900 until the 1960’s, with its peak in the 1930’s. It demanded at least a month to produce a smaller version of the original, carve the cut-outs and experiment with the paint. Afterwards, a proof sheet was made, which was presented to Pablo Picasso for approval. For a production of two hundred pieces, another two months of work were needed. The working conditions were extremely primitive. Slowly but surely the Pochoir technique was replaced by other less expensive and labour intensive techniques, like photographical reproduction methods such as screen-printing.
If one finds an original handmade pochoir in perfect condition, it is a scarce and true enjoyment.
Currently on display at Renssen Art Gallery, Nieuwe Spiegelstraat 44, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.